Birthmarks are common skin irregularities that appear on a person’s skin shortly after birth or within the first few weeks of life. They are typically characterised by their distinct coloration or texture and can vary in size and shape. Birthmarks are categorised into two primary types: vascular birthmarks and pigmented birthmarks. Vascular birthmarks, which are often red or pink, result from abnormal growth of blood vessels, while pigmented birthmarks are usually brown, black, or blue and are caused by an overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin colour. These marks can manifest anywhere on the body and can be present at birth or develop in the early stages of life.
Are they harmful?
Most birthmarks are harmless and do not pose any health risks. They are simply variations in the skin’s pigmentation or vascular structures and are not associated with underlying medical conditions. However, some birthmarks, especially large or complex ones, may cause cosmetic concerns or, in rare cases, be associated with other medical issues. For instance, port-wine stains, a type of vascular birthmark, may be linked to underlying blood vessel abnormalities. Pigmented birthmarks, such as congenital nevi, carry a slightly increased risk of developing into skin cancer, although the risk is relatively low. Individuals with birthmarks need to have them evaluated by a medical professional to rule out any potential complications and to discuss available treatment options if desired for cosmetic or medical reasons.
Causes of Birthmarks
● Vascular birthmarks result from abnormal blood vessel development during fetal development.
● Pigmented birthmarks occur due to an overproduction of melanin, the skin’s pigment in clusters.
● Some birthmarks have a genetic component, while others seem to develop spontaneously.
● Some underlying medical conditions can also lead to the development of birthmarks.
Treatment for Birthmarks at Dr. Haror's Wellness
Dr. Haror’s Wellness offers a range of treatment options for birthmarks, tailored to each patient’s unique needs and the type of birthmark.
● Laser therapy: Many birthmarks, particularly vascular ones like port-wine stains, can be effectively treated with laser therapy. The focused laser energy targets the blood vessels or pigment, gradually lightening or removing the birthmark.
● Surgical excision: In cases where a birthmark is particularly large, raised, or potentially cancerous, surgical removal may be recommended. Dr. Haror’s Wellness has skilled surgeons who can perform precise excisions with minimal scarring.
● Other therapies like cryotherapy and injection cortisone can also be used for birthmarks depending on what type of birthmark it is.
● Consultation and personalised treatment plans: Patients receive a comprehensive evaluation at Dr. Haror’s Wellness, and a personalised treatment plan is developed to address their specific concerns and needs. The clinic’s experienced medical professionals guide patients through the available options and help them make informed decisions regarding their birthmark treatment.