Fungal infections encompass a diverse group of medical conditions caused by various types of fungi. These infections can manifest in different areas of the body, including the skin, nails, hair, or mucous membranes. It can also cause infections in the throat, mouth, lungs, urinary tract, and many other body parts, resulting in a spectrum of uncomfortable and, at times, debilitating symptoms. The world of fungal infections is vast, with an array of causative agents and clinical presentations, making it imperative to grasp the fundamentals of these infections for their effective management. Fungal infection is a contagious infection that is caused in humans when their bodies come in contact with fungus present in soil, animals, or any other infected person.
Types of Fungal Infection
Identifying the type of fungal infection is important to provide the right and best treatment for the same. Here we are defining the most common types of fungal infection
● Tinea Pedis: It can occur between toes /soles and is characterized by skin peeling, itchiness, redness, burning, or flaking. In rare cases, blister formation can also happen resulting in dry/scaly feet. This happens due to fungus that survives in warm humid conditions like- public showers, swimming pool decks, or due to tight-fitted shoes or socks.
● Tinea mannum: This superficial infection can occur on the palms or interdigital folds of hands. People usually confuse this with eczema. This is characterized by thickened skin or itching along with a dry, scaling appearance. This occurs due to excess sweating and maceration.
● Tinea Corporis: This is a ring-shaped infection that is accompanied by itchy, red, or flaky skin.
● Tinea Cruris: This is a ring-shaped infection that affects majorly buttocks, inner thighs, or genitals. It occurs due to warm and humid conditions and is characterized by itchy red patches.
● Tinea Unguium: It occurs on nails which starts as spotted nails but in severe conditions can lead to a change in the shape of nails and discoloration.
Causes of Fungal Infection
● Weakened Immune System: Individuals with compromised immune systems, like those with HIV/AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy, are more susceptible to fungal infections.
● Poor Hygiene: Inadequate personal hygiene practices can create environments conducive to fungal growth.
● Warm and Humid Conditions: Fungi tend to thrive in warm, humid settings, making tropical and subtropical regions more susceptible.
● Contaminated Surfaces: Contact with surfaces or items that harbour fungal spores can lead to infection.
Signs of Fungal Infection
● Itching: Many fungal infections cause itching in the affected area.
● Redness: Red or inflamed skin is a common symptom.
● Skin Rashes: Fungal infections can lead to rashes, which may be circular in appearance.
● Peeling Skin: Affected skin may start to peel.
● Discomfort or Pain: Some fungal infections can cause discomfort or pain, especially if they affect sensitive areas.
● Blisters or sores
● Burning and stinging sensation
● Discoloured nail
● Scaly skin and flakes
● Cracked skin
Treatment for Fungal Infections at Dr. Haror’s Wellness
Right examination and diagnosis at Dr. Haror’s Wellness Centre can help curate the right management and treatment plans for this condition.
● Medications: Antifungal oral tablets are recommended to be taken for prescribed duration under the supervision of a dermatologist
● Topical Medications: There is a range of antifungal products that are prescribed during this flare including creams or ointments, sprays, shampoos, gels, lotions, or solutions. They work by stopping the fungal growth or by killing it.
● Tailored Approach: The treatment plan includes lasers which release high-light energy that generates heat. This heat helps kill off fungi without causing any harm to nearby cells. It is prescribed only in certain required cases and is customized to the type and location of the infection.
● Right Management: Addressing any underlying health issues is an integral part of the treatment strategy.
● Be extra cautious and wear flip-flops, shower shoes, or sandals in showers, gyms, hotel rooms, locker rooms, and swimming pools. This will reduce the risk of athlete’s foot.
● The infected area at all times must be cleansed properly and kept dry. Proper hygiene should be maintained
● Wear loose-fitting garments and shoes to avoid excess sweating
● Shared surfaces, mats, platforms, or equipment should always be cleaned before and after their use.
● Avoid sharing any personal items with the infected person as it is contagious.
● In case of having any contact with an infected person or animals wash your hands properly to avoid the spread of infection
● Professional Guidance: It’s crucial to consult with the experts at Dr. Haror’s Wellness for accurate diagnosis and personalized care when dealing with a suspected fungal infection.