Melasma is a common skin condition characterised by the development of brown or greyish-brown patches on the skin, typically on the face. These patches are usually symmetrical and can appear on the cheeks, forehead, chin, and upper lip, as well as other sun-exposed areas. Melasma is sometimes referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” because it often occurs in pregnant women due to hormonal changes, but it can affect individuals of all genders and backgrounds. This condition is generally harmless but can be a source of cosmetic concern. Melasma is associated with the overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin colour, and is often triggered or worsened by sun exposure. Effective management and treatment of melasma often involve a combination of sun protection, skincare, and dermatological procedures to reduce the appearance of these pigmented patches and achieve a more even skin tone.
Causes of Melasma
Though there is no clear reason of melasma, it can have multiple triggers. Some of them are:
Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during pregnancy, menopause, or with the use of hormonal contraceptives, can trigger melasma. The sensitivity to progestrone and estrogen is a common factor associated with it.
Sun Exposure: UV radiation from the sun stimulates melanocytes to produce more melanin, exacerbating the appearance of melasma.
Genetics: A family history of melasma may increase one’s susceptibility to developing the condition.
Hormone-Related Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, can influence hormone levels and contribute to melasma.
Some medications like antiseizure pills, phototoxic drugs like antibiotics, retinoids, NSAID’s and diuretics can trigger it. Skincare products scented sopas and stress can be some contributing factors too.
Signs of Melasma
Brown or greyish-brown patches on the face, often appearing on both sides symmetrically.
Common sites of occurrence include the cheeks, forehead, chin, upper lip, and sometimes the forearms.
Patches may vary in size and shape and tend to darken with sun exposure.
Melasma is typically a cosmetic concern rather than a painful or itchy condition.
More common in women, but men can also develop melasma.
Treatment for Melasma at Dr. Haror’s Wellness
At Dr. Haror’s Wellness, we provide comprehensive and personalised treatments to address melasma and help you achieve a more even, blemish-free complexion. Our approach focuses on minimising pigmentation and promoting healthy skin. Here are some of the treatment options we offer:
Topical Treatments: We provide specialised topical creams and serums that can help lighten melasma patches and inhibit melanin production, a right skincare routine with strict sunscreen application is the key to keep it under control.
Chemical Peels: Chemical peels can exfoliate the top layer of skin, reducing the appearance of melasma and promoting skin renewal. Some depigmenting peels have melanin inhibitor as well which helps improve longevity of the results
Laser Therapy: Our advanced laser technology can target and break down excess melanin, leading to a gradual lightening of melasma patches.
Sun Protection: We emphasise the importance of sun protection as UV radiation exacerbates melasma. We can recommend sunscreen and protective measures to prevent further pigmentation.
Customised Plans: Our experienced team will conduct a thorough consultation to develop a personalised treatment plan tailored to your unique skin type, melasma characteristics, and aesthetic goals.