Xanthelasma is a distinctive and noteworthy dermatological condition that merits close examination. It is characterised by the appearance of yellowish, lipid-rich deposits on the skin, typically on or around the eyelids. These soft, yellowish Cholesterol deposits can manifest in various sizes and shapes and are generally non-painful. However, beyond their cosmetic concern, xanthelasma can serve as a potential indicator of underlying health issues. Understanding and addressing this condition is crucial, not only to enhance one’s physical appearance but also to potentially identify and manage any related health risks.
Causes of Xanthelasma
Lipid metabolism issues: Xanthelasma is often associated with elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, indicating an underlying lipid metabolism disorder.
● Genetics: Genetic factors can play a significant role in the development of xanthelasma, making some individuals more predisposed to the condition.
● Medical conditions: Xanthelasma can be a cutaneous sign of conditions like familial hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, and liver disease, among others.
● Weight gain
● Too much alcohol consumption
Signs of Xanthelasma
● Yellowish plaques: Xanthelasma presents as yellowish, raised lesions on the eyelids, typically near the inner corners of the eyes.
● Soft and painless: These plaques are soft to the touch and generally don’t cause discomfort or pain.
● Varied sizes and shapes: Xanthelasma lesions can range from small, barely noticeable dots to larger, more conspicuous patches, and they come in diverse shapes.
● Potential for recurrence: Xanthelasma can recur after removal if the underlying lipid disorder is not addressed.
Treatments for Xanthelasma at Dr. Haror's Wellness
At Dr. Haror’s Wellness, we offer effective treatments to address xanthelasma and its underlying causes. Our treatment options include:
● Lipid management: Addressing underlying lipid disorders is crucial. We provide guidance on dietary and lifestyle changes, and in some cases, medications may be recommended to manage cholesterol levels.
● Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves freezing the xanthelasma plaques with liquid nitrogen to remove them, but it may not be suitable for all cases.
● Laser therapy: Laser treatment can be effective for precise removal of xanthelasma, minimizing scarring and promoting smoother skin.
● Surgical excision: In some cases, surgical excision may be necessary to remove xanthelasma, and this is usually done when the lesions are large or recurrent.
● Radiofrequency Ablation: Radiofrequency can be used to precisely remove the excessive deposition from surface with minimal downtime
These procedures can help remove the excessive cholesterol deposition, but healthy lifestyle and constant monitoring is required to keep in under check. It is always advisable to consult a dermatologist for right management plan and treatments.