Eczema, is a type of dermatitis, a common skin condition that causes skin to be red, itchy, and have inflamed patches on the skin. It often affects both children and adults and can vary in severity. Eczema is typically a chronic condition characterized by periods of flare-ups and remission. It’s important to note that eczema is not contagious but is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. This condition weakens the skin’s barrier function, which usually helps the skin to retain moisture and protect the body from environmental factors.
Types of Eczema
There can be several types of eczema based on their unique trigger factors that can affect barrier function. Some of them are:
● Atopic Dermatitis
● Contact Dermatitis
● Dyshidrotic Eczema
● Nummular Eczema
● Seborrheic dermatitis
There is a possibility of having more than one type of eczema at a time.
Signs of Eczema
● Itchy Skin.
● Red or Inflamed Skin
● Dry Skin
● Bumps on skin
● Flakes, scaly or crusty skin
● Swelling at times
● Thickened leathery patches on Skin
Eczema can affect different people who are diagnosed with the condition. Trigger factors can also vary for people. Some of the common trigger factors include:
● Low humidity
● Fabrics or clothing material
● Skincare or makeup products
● Smoke and pollutants
● Soaps and detergents
● Stress or depression
● Touching something one is allergic too.
Eczema can be diagnosed by physical examination of the skin, where your doctor takes a closer look. If required an allergy test or required blood test can be done. Rare cases might require a biopsy test to be done.
Treatment and Management
Treatment and management of eczema can be unique for everyone depending on the symptoms and flare-ups. This may include the following:
● Use gentle and sensitive moisturizer while you have dry flared skin. Preferably apply moisturizer when the skin is damp after a bath or shower.
● Topical Medications can be used as per prescription and recommendation of the dermatologist to manage the symptoms and flare-ups.
● Oral medications like anti-inflammatories, anti-inflammatory, or corticosteroids to reduce itchiness, rashes, or swelling.
● Immunosuppressant drugs as per prescription can help regulate the flare-ups
● Light therapies can be done to improve the skin’s appearance or blemishes
● Triggers can be noted and avoided to keep eczema under control
At Dr. Haror’s Wellness Centre we ensure to work on the root cause and trigger factors for long-term benefits and improvements.