Acne vulgaris, often referred to simply as acne, is a common and chronic skin condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It is an inflammatory condition that usually begins at adolescence and can remain or even start during adulthood in form of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and, in some cases, more severe forms like cysts or nodules. Acne typically occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, leading to the development of these lesions. Acne most commonly appears on the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders, areas where the skin has a higher density of oil glands. While acne is especially prevalent among adolescents and young adults, it can affect individuals of all ages. The condition’s severity can vary, ranging from mild and occasional breakouts to more severe and persistent cases, which can lead to scarring and emotional distress. Acne is not only a dermatological concern but can also impact an individual’s self-esteem and overall quality of life.
Causes of Acne Vulgaris
● Excess Oil Production: The sebaceous glands in the skin can become overactive, leading to an excess production of oil (sebum). This excess oil can clog hair follicles and contribute to acne development. Oil production can be a major reason of clogging pores. As clogged pores have free fatty acid accumulation and hence is perfect place for infection development which results in inflammation and acne.
● Dead Skin Cells: Skin cells continuously shed and can sometimes block hair follicles. When these cells mix with excess sebum, they can form a plug.
● Bacterial Overgrowth: The presence of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria on the skin can multiply within clogged hair follicles, causing inflammation and redness.
● Hormonal Fluctuations: Hormonal changes, such as those during adolescence, pregnancy, or the menstrual cycle, can stimulate sebaceous glands and lead to acne. In adolescence, hormonal surge usually gets combined bacterial growth on skin which results in acne.
● Diet and Lifestyle: Certain dietary factors, such as a high glycemic diet or dairy consumption, may contribute to acne
● Pricking and rubbing of acne can trigger or increase the infection
● Stress- Stress and friction on the skin can also exacerbate the condition. It can also raise the level of hormones like cortisol which can lead to increase in acne.
● Medications like birth control pills (contain progestrone) and corticosteroid.
● Environmental conditions like high humid weather and air pollution.
● Genetics can also be one of the reasons
Signs of Acne Vulgaris:
● Blackheads: Often known as open comedones, appear as black raised spots on skin. These are clogged pores with dead skin or oil glands.
● Whiteheads: Often known as closed comedones, appear as white bumps. They form underneath the skin with accumulation of dead skin cells and oil glands.
● Papules: Small, raised, red or pink bumps on the skin. They are formed due to inflammation or infection in skin due to hair follicles.
● Pustules: Similar to papules but contain pus at the centre, making them appear white or yellow with red outer rings. It can cause scarring if scratched or pricked.
● Nodules: Larger, solid, painful lumps beneath the skin’s surface.
● Cysts: Deep, pus-filled lumps that are often painful and can lead to scarring.
Treatment for Acne Vulgaris at Dr. Haror's Wellness
● Customized Treatment Plans: At Dr. Haror’s Wellness, we provide personalised treatment plans based on the patient’s unique skin type, the severity of acne, and lifestyle factors.
● Topical Medications: We offer various topical medications to address acne, including retinoids, antibiotics, and benzoyl peroxide, which can help unclog pores and reduce inflammation. Topical medications to reduce redness are recommended.
● Oral Medications: In some cases, oral antibiotics or hormonal medications may be prescribed to control acne. Oral Antibiotics or supplements to treat underlying causes like PCOD can also be recommended.
● Clean Up Facials: Our skilled skin care experts professionally extract comedones to reduce the chances of acne, blemishes, and scarring.
● Acne Peel Treatment: We provide customised treatments to exfoliate the skin and reduce the appearance of acne lesions along with extracting the impurities. Fruit-based peels are used to neutralize acne bacteria.
● Advanced Photofacial: This is a quick and superficial treatment that combines the benefits of peels and Light-based technology. It exfoliates the superficial layer of skin to remove the dead skin cells and intense pulse light helps improve skin cell turnover to rejuvenate and reduce erythema, sensitivity, and itching caused by acne. This treatment helps reduce comedones, acne and post-acne redness.
● Acne Buster Treatment: It uses the benefits of high frequency along with peels to reduce the spread of acne and settle down the inflammation along with healing existing acne and comedones.
● Carbon Peel Treatments: Carbon peel helps shrink sebum glands, unclog pores, and kill acne bacteria due to thermal energy. Laser toning being a part of this Hollywood facial leaves skin even toned and reduces blemishes as well. It helps unclog pores, and reduce pore size and overall oiliness of skin.
● Dermapen 4: The microneedling device helps infuse medical-grade serums deeper into the skin. They trigger the skin cells and the body’s natural healing process. The sin is oxygenated well and lymphatic drainage gets activated and helps in regenerating the acne-affected area.
● Nutritional and Lifestyle Guidance: We offer guidance on dietary and lifestyle factors that can impact acne and provide recommendations for a comprehensive approach to managing the condition. Many underlying causes of acne require lifestyle management to ensure the results are achieved quicker and are long-lasting. Our experts at Dr. Haror’s Wellness help achieve a 360-degree improvement by diagnosing the right causes and treating them accordingly.