Rosacea is a common and chronic skin condition that primarily affects the facial area, resulting in redness, visible blood vessels, and the development of small, pus-filled bumps. It often presents in a way that resembles a perpetual blush and can be accompanied by a burning or stinging sensation. It can be both physically uncomfortable and emotionally distressing, impacting one’s self-esteem and quality of life. The main underlying cause of rosacea is still unknown. But there are few associated trigger factors of the same.
Causes of Rosacea
● Vascular and inflammatory factors: Abnormalities in blood vessels and heightened inflammatory responses within the skin are believed to contribute to rosacea.
● Genetic predisposition: A family history of rosacea can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
● Triggers: Certain factors like sun exposure, alcohol, spicy foods, and temperature extremes can trigger or worsen rosacea symptoms. Hot humid environments like the kitchen, getting emotional or crying, use of certain cosmetic products and improper lifestyle are a few more to add on.
Signs of Rosacea
● Facial redness: Persistent redness, often in the central face, is a hallmark of rosacea. It can resemble a flush or sunburn.
● Visible blood vessels: Small, visible blood vessels (telangiectasia) become prominent, appearing as fine, red lines on the skin.
● Pimple-like bumps: Rosacea can lead to the development of papules and pustules, which are small, red, and pus-filled.
Types of Rosaces
● Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea (ETR): This is commonly known as vascular rosacea which is characterized by redness of face, flushing, and blood vessel appearance.
● Papulopustular Rosacea (Inflammatory Rosacea): Here redness and swelling are accompanied by severe breakouts called papules and pustules.
● Rhinophyma (Phytamous Rosaces): This happens on or near the nose where the skin thickens and usually has a raised texture. It leads to an enlarged nose which appears swollen, and bulb shaped.
● Ocular Rosacea: Some people can feel grittiness in the eyes, and have dry, irritated, or swollen eyes. Eyelids can appear bumpy and red as a result of broken blood vessels.
Treatments for Rosacea at Dr. Haror's Wellness
At Dr. Haror’s Wellness, we offer comprehensive treatments to manage and alleviate rosacea symptoms. Our treatment options include:
● Topical creams and gels: These can help reduce redness and inflammation by constricting blood vessels as these are anti-inflammatory ointments.
● Oral medications: In some cases, oral antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to control rosacea flare-ups.
● Intense pulsed light laser or Advanced Fluorescent laser therapy: Light-based machines are used to work on a certain defined wavelength which helps reduce redness and skin bumps. These treatments can target visible blood vessels and reduce redness.
● Lifestyle adjustments: We provide guidance on managing triggers and adopting a skincare routine that is gentle on sensitive skin.
Rosacea triggers can be different for different people, At Dr. Haror’s Wellness Centre, our expert doctors develop tailored treatment plans and lifestyle regimen that help patients get the optimum outcome.