Hair loss can be due to several reasons and of various types. Alopecia Areata is one of them. It is an autoimmune disease related hair loss which can happen on scalp as well as other body areas like beard chest, abdomen etc. The new hair growth completely stops and bald patches can start appearing because the body’s immune system starts attacking its own cells (hair follicles). At Dr. Haror’s Wellness, we firmly hold the belief that knowledge is the bedrock of effective management. This comprehensive guide serves as your invaluable resource, aimed at facilitating a profound understanding of Alopecia Areata.
Understanding Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Areata, classified as an autoimmune disorder, brings about the unsettling unpredictability of hair loss. In this intricate condition, the immune system, designed to protect us, paradoxically turns against our hair follicles. The result is often the emergence of hair loss, manifested as small, round patches. Alopecia Areata can be of several types including
1. Patchy Alopecia Areata in which some hairless patches are formed on the scalp or other body areas.
2. Alopecia Totalis – in this the hair is totally lost in that specific region like the scalp, eyebrow, beard, etc.
3. Alopecia Universalis – this loss of hair happens from the complete body including the scalp, face, eyebrows, beard, and other body areas as well.
Causes and Symptoms
In alopecia areata, the immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, causing inflammation. This disease can be transferred from one generation to another genetically. The manifestation of symptoms in individuals is often marked by the sudden onset of hair loss, which occurs in distinct, often circular patches. This distinctive pattern of hair loss, while primarily physical, frequently extends its impact into the emotional realm, creating distress and uncertainty. Recognizing the early signs of Alopecia Areata takes on profound significance, as prompt identification becomes the pivotal gateway to initiating timely treatment, preventing further hair loss, and paving the way for potential recovery and renewed self-assurance.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnostic process for Alopecia Areata is a meticulous journey, often commencing with a comprehensive clinical evaluation/Physical examination. In rare instances, to glean deeper insights into the condition, our experienced dermatologists may recommend a skin biopsy, a procedure that aids in confirming the diagnosis and assessing the extent of the disorder. The treatments may encompass medications designed to curtail inflammation, topical solutions aimed at facilitating hair regrowth, and lifestyle adjustments that offer holistic support in your journey toward recovery. Other treatments focusing on Hair regrowth can also be opted to initiate hair regrowth, like Hair Growth Stimulation Treatment, GFC Treatment, etc.
ILK injections can also be recommended to be done by an experienced dermatologist to suppress immune attacks in that specific patch for the defined duration in the form of successive sessions.